Victim Crime Survey by Anna N.


This is an example of a crime survey, which shows the crimes that people have experienced. This crime survey shows that the crime which people experienced at the most is watching someone using or dealing drugs and the crime which people experienced at the least is sexually related crime.


Victim Crime Surveys- Abi Harvey


I made a victim survey and gave it to 5 students at Richard Taunton college to find out the rate crime they have experienced. I gave it to both genders which helps me get a more accurate representation.

This is the layout of my survey:


By having the opening section to confirm the anonymity of the results it allows the participants to be more truthful with their answers as they will not feel as though the answers are a representation of themselves.

The results are as follows:


The results show that the level of overall crime is low, especially more serious crimes such as injury through the use of a weapon. However it does show that there are some minor crimes that appear to be more frequent than not. This being said it would only be possible to truly identify the level of crime witnessed by giving the survey to…

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My victim survey


ImageI carried out a victim survey and collected data from a sample of 5 participants. These participants all attend Richard Taunton Sixth Form College. Participants were asked their age, ethnicity group, gender and what area they lived in. This was to see if any of these variables had an effect on the results. They were also asked how often they think crime is committed in their area. Participants were then asked if they have been a victim of assault, have been attacked, sexual assaulted or been robbed in public. They were also asked to state if they have been a victim of any ‘other’ crime which was not on the survey. Finally the participants were asked if they have been a victim of crime did they report it to the police. 

The results showed that only one participant was a victim of a crime and this was an assault and…

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Victim Crime Survey- by Ann Young

I carried out a self- report victim survey.  The questions that i asked included whether the participants in the survey experienced crime such as vandalism, robbery, burglary, bullying and cyber bullying, being mis-sold products, fraud, hate crime, and being threatened with a weapon. I also asked whether they were victims of crime more serious to the others listed.My results are shown in the table below.

Questions Yes No
Have you ever been a victim of vandalism? 0 5
Have you ever been a victim of a robbery? 0 5
Have you ever experienced bullying? 3 2
Have you ever experienced cyber bullying? 2 3
Have you ever been mis-sold products? 1 4
Have you ever been a victim of fraud? 0 5
Have you ever been a victim of hate crime? 0 5
Have you ever experienced burglary or housebreaking? 2 5
Have you ever been threatened with a weapon? 0 5
Have you ever experienced a crime that you consider to be more serious offenses than the ones listed above? 1 5


We also asked for age, gender and race. All the participants were white British females and 4/5 of them were 17 years old ( the other was 16 years old). To improve this survey i would ask a wider range of people to get more representative results  and also ask a wider age range if possible such as the A2 pupils and maybe teachers.

Conducted vicitim survey by Chloe Hayter


I conducted my survey on 5 participants at Richard Taunton Sixth Form College. All participants asked were between the ages of 16-20. My survey found that out of the 5 participants, 60% had illegally downloaded videos/music etc. Also, 60% of participants weren’t sure whether the punishments for committed crimes are strong enough and the remaining 40% thought that the punishments for committed crimes are not strong enough.

A weakness to my survey is that it isn’t very representative to the population, as it was only given to 5 participants at Richard Taunton Sixth Form College. Therefore, all participants were roughly the same age. Another weakness to my survey is that in question 2, I asked for the ages of participants, but two of the options were ‘Under 16′ and ’17-20′. Therefore, if the participant was 16 they wouldn’t have an option to choose. So to improve this I would change the second option to ’16-19’.


This graph shows what options the participants chose in the question: Have you been involved in any of the following crimes. This pie chart shows that a majority of the participants had illegally downloaded videos/music etc. Also, no participants had been involved in theft, vandalism, prostitution, rape, arson, assault, fraud and racism.

My Victim Survey by Caitlin McGhee



I carried out my Victim Survey on 5 participants taken from Opportunity Sampling in the Library of Richard Taunton Sixth Form College.


After establishing the gender, ethnicity and age of my respondents from questions one, two and three, which are variables it helps to be considered when analysing the results, I then asked the respondents questions about their personal experiences of being a victim of crime, which is what the survey is set to find out.

I found that 60% of respondents have been a victim of crime, these crimes included:

  • Hate Crime
  • Knife Crime
  • Assault
  • Breaking and Entering
  • Theft


I also asked participants approximately how many people they know who have been a victim of crime and found that:



A way to improve my Victim Survey would be to carry it out on more people, in order to get more generalisable and valid results. I also need to ensure the questions I ask are easily understandable and won’t lead the respondent to any confusion when answering them.


Introduction to victimisation studies by Izabela Fornal :)

A victim survey, also known as a victimisation study, is a survey containing questioning about the experience of victimisation and awareness of crimes committed in the area. The most important British victim surveys are British Crime Survey and The Offending, Crime and Justice Survey. OCJS involves questioning about offending but has also included questions that relate to experience of victimisation. British Crime Survey is conducted regularly (every year) with about 47 thousand of people living in private households England and Wales. BCS is administered face-to-face. Participants are asked about their experience of crime, such as anti-social behaviour and more serious offences that were committed or recorded by the police in the period of last 12 months.

Another victimisation study that is conducted in United Kingdom is called Metropolitan Police Service which is required by the Home Office. Police services in England and Wales carry out telephone surveys with victims of certain crime. They interview about 20 thousand of people each year questioning them about their experiences of the MPS.

Strengths of victim surveys:

  • Victim surveys provide more valid data and it’s a better reflection of the household and personal crime than police statistics as they cover crimes that are not recorded by the police. Therefore they’re not affected by change in police recording practice.
  • Crime surveys usually use nationally representative sample. It provides a measure of long-term trends covering different types of crime and wide population.
  • Methodology is consistent over time, thus the studies are reliable.
  • Reform introduced in 2009 allowed British Crime Survey to interview children aged 10-15.

Weaknesses of victim surveys:

  • British Crime Survey does not cover commercial victimisation such as business thefts and frauds. It also ignores victimisation of people who live in communal establishments and those who are homeless. and This is because the interviewed people live in private households. Other issues that are excluded by BCS are victimless crimes such as possession of drugs and murders.
  • Originally, BCS did not cover offences against a person aged under 16, although the Home Office extended this victim survey to cover these offences from January 2009.
  • Generally, surveys are very subjective as we need to rely on what participants recall happened in the past.

I have made a video using ‘xtranormal’ website to present a debate about strengths and weaknesses of British Crime Survey.


Assessed on 17/06/13

A Victim survey:Posted on June 17, 2013 by kimb96 A

A Victim survey:

Posted on June 17, 2013 by


A Victim survey:

A victim survey is a survey that asks a sample of people who have had crimes committed against them, This survey provides information on crime and the people who have been victimised from crime, through a questionnaire. This questionnaire is sent out randomly to people asking them whether they have been victimised, whether they have reported it to the police or not etc…

Using Victim surveys has advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of it are that it shows the amount of crimes that have been committed and the number of people that have actually reported it to the police and the number of people that haven’t so their fore they tend to be more accurate than the official statistics as it shows hidden crime that has not been reported.

A third advantage of using crime surveys is that they play a big part in policy-making and in criminology it also helps authorities get an more accurate picture of the crime level that occurs.

Finally another advantage of using crime surveys is that it indicate which areas and social groups are most likely to be victims and perpetuators of crime in society.

Victimisation surveys can also have disadvantages to them.

As they are questionnaires and a type of self report method, they tend to rely on the individuals responses so they tend to be biased as for an individual who is filling out the victim survey it would require them to recall back their memory of when they were a victim of crime, this could make it unreliable and incorrect it the event was long time ago.

Another major criticism of this type of self – report study is the validity and the representativeness of the data that has been obtained from it as it all relies on peoples responds and whether they have told the truth or not some participants may forget, may answer questions in a social desirable way as they are scared that the interviewee would judge them on the events that has happened to them, or they may just exaggerate events in favour of them so that the interviewee feels sympathy towards them.

Another disadvantage of this is that it as it is a sensitive topic it requires people to go into detail about what has happened to them, some may not feel comfortable and may experience emotional breakdowns so therefore after the questionnaires all participants should be debriefed.

Finally another criticism of this method is that as it requires a quite large sample it can be very expensive to give out questionnaires and do interviews.

Overall, victim surveys are a good way of obtaining accurate data on crime statistics and they tend to be more accurate than official statistics and gives authorities a more clear view of the number of crimes that occur and the most common age group that tend to commit these crimes. However they could be very expensive and biased as the data obtained tends to rely on peoples answers however it has been found out that generally 80% of those who do reply back to crime surveys tend to tell the truth about their experiences.

Victim Surveys by Chloe Hayter

Handcuffed Suspect

A victim survey is a survey that asks a sample of people which crimes have been committed against them over a fixed period of time. It also asks whether of not they have been reported back to the police, these surveys can be conducted on a national or local scale.

  • A national survey- of a whole country in which people are asked to provide information on crimes which have been perpetrated against them.
  • A local survey- in which a specific, usually inner city, neighborhood is targeted, and criminologists or sociologists engage in a more detailed study of the same issues.  by Jock Young, revealing a fear of crime amongst local residents that shapes much of their behaviour. [1]

Surveys are funded by taxpayers, therefore their geographical coverage will often be driven by political geography and by the structure of responsibilities within the Criminal Justice System. [2]

This is a graph of data collected by the BOS:

Graph showing repeat victims by offence

This is a graph of data collected by the BCS ,which is a nationally representative survey with an achieved sample of approximately 47,000 adults living in private households in England and Wales each year. It is a face-to-face victimisation survey in which respondents are asked about their experiences of crime in the 12 months prior to their interview. This graph shows that the highest percentage of repeat victims by offence was from domestic violence. [3]

There are many advantages and disadvantages to conducting Victim Surveys;


  • Victim surveys can provide detailed, informative qualitative data. This would be useful as it would give the data collector lots of useful information to analyse, and would also be specific to what they are looking at.
  • Another advantage to Victim surveys is that they are quick and easy to be conducted. Therefore, victim surveys wouldn’t be time consuming to do.
  • Furthermore, victim surveys are conducted anonymously. This would reduce the chance of social desirability as no one would ever know which questionnaire answered was theirs, so they would have no need to lie.


  • A disadvantage to victim surveys is that as qualitative data is provided, it would take longer to analyse all of the questionnaires individually, therefore it is time consuming.
  • Another disadvantage to victim surveys is that as it is a questionnaire, if the participant does not understand a question it may gather confusing or irrelevant data.
  • In addition, victim surveys may be expensive as a large number of them would have to be handed out, therefore there would be high printing costs and for resources.




Victim Surveys by Caitlin McGheeVictim Surveys are used

Victim Surveys by Caitlin McGhee

Victim Surveys are used to find out from people which crimes have been committed against them over a set amount of time. The crimes they claim to have been a victim of can be ones they have reported to the police and ones they haven’t.

Statistics taken from Victim Surveys can be done as a National survey, where a whole country is asked to report the crimes they have been a victim of, or as an Area/Neighborhood survey, which is where the survey is carried out on a smaller scale within one area. [1]

Image [2]

Strengths of Victim Surveys

  • The information given is anonymous, so there are no demand characteristics or the influence of social desirability. Therefore respondents are much more likely to reveal more information and be more honest, which explains why these surveys discover there is up to double the amount of crime reported in the official crime statistics.
  • The ‘Dark Figure of Crime’ is usually exposed for crimes such as abuse.
  • A large amount of qualitative data can be gathered, meaning the cause and effect is explained by respondents, increasing the validity, and they have the ability to do so in their own words.
  • It is a practical way of carrying out research, and is quick and easy to do. It can also be considered cheaper than other research methods such as interviews.
  • Quantitative data is also collected, which allows results to easily be interpreted into graphs and charts, and further analysis’s can be given.

Weaknesses of Victim Surveys

  • There is usually a low response rate with Victim Surveys, like there is with all self-reports, because people don’t always have time to fill them in or they can’t be bothered.
  • The respondents do not have the opportunity to ask about questions they don’t understand, like they would in interviews, so if they don’t understand what they’re being asked their answer could be incorrect/not the type of thing the researcher is looking for.
  • Doesn’t allow the ability for the researcher to go into depth with a particular answer from a participant if more information could have been given.
  • There is still a chance that participants will not tell the whole truth, because they may be embarrassed by it.
  • The qualitative data attained may be difficult to analyse and could be interpreted incorrectly by the researcher, e.g. the results could be affected by researcher bias if they interpret information in a way they would like it to appear.

 Image [3]